Biodiversity Positive: Eco-towns biodiversity worksheet
Download the Eco-town Biodiversity worksheet here
The Eco-towns Biodiversity worksheet provides guidance in support of the Planning Policy Statement (PPS) on Eco-towns (CLG, 2009), identifying the essential steps required to ensure that their design, development and long term management result in a sustained positive outcome for biodiversity.
The principle objectives for an Eco-town Biodiversity Strategy are as follows:
Protecting and enhancing the best of existing biodiversity: key habitat areas of sufficient quality and quantity to support both characteristic and uncommon species should be sustained. These areas include designated conservation sites, and habitats of national, regional and local importance, where environmental conservation is the main priority. Mechanisms and resources will be required for long-term management of these habitats.
- Mitigating the impact of development and securing net biodiversity gain: ‘supplementary' or ‘transitional' habitats (in addition to key habitats), where nature conservation is not the primary concern, will be important in sustaining more widespread and common species, as well as providing buffering for key habitats. These areas may also provide other Green Infrastructure functions.
- Integrating biodiversity with the built environment: eco-towns should incorporate a high degree of permeability for wildlife within the built environment, helping to increase and sustain biodiversity. Planning and designing for this is particularly important due to recent changes in building regulations leaving very few roosting or nesting opportunities for certain species in dwellings.
- Increasing biodiversity's resilience and ability to adapt to climate change: climate is one of the most important factors affecting behaviour, abundance and distribution of species, as well as influencing the ecology of habitats and ecosystems. Changes due to climate change are already being observed.